Antonyms for rough


Grammar : Adj
Spell : ruhf
Phonetic Transcription : rʌf


Definition of rough

Origin :
  • Old English ruh "rough, coarse (of cloth); hairy, shaggy; untrimmed, uncultivated," from West Germanic *rukhwaz "shaggy, hairy, rough" (cf. Middle Dutch ruuch, Dutch ruig, Old High German ruher, German rauh), from Proto-Germanic *rukhaz, from PIE *reue- "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up" (cf. Sanskrit ruksah "rough;" Latin ruga "wrinkle," ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse," ruina "a collapse;" Lithuanian raukas "wrinkle," rukti "to shrink").
  • The original -gh- sound was guttural, as in Scottish loch. Sense of "approximate" is first recorded c.1600. Of places, "riotous, disorderly, characterized by violent action," 1863. Rough draft is from 1690s. Rough-and-ready is from 1810, originally military; rough-and-tumble (1810) is from a style of free-fighting.
  • adj uneven, irregular
  • adj stormy; not quiet
  • adj rude, impolite
  • adj basic, incomplete
  • adj approximate
Example sentences :
  • Bates was a stout sailor, rough in appearance, but with a warm and kindly heart.
  • Extract from : « Brave and Bold » by Horatio Alger
  • The Mann Ranges are very high and rough, and are composed of reddish granite.
  • Extract from : « Explorations in Australia » by John Forrest
  • There is crime to be conquered, the rough crime of the streets.
  • Extract from : « United States Presidents' Inaugural Speeches » by Various
  • War is a rough teacher, but it is evidently the only one for the Continent.
  • Extract from : « Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, No. 327 » by Various
  • He had become short, I do not say rough in his speech to his wife.
  • Extract from : « Weighed and Wanting » by George MacDonald
  • S'pose the bulls get tired of you putting it over on 'em and try some rough work?
  • Extract from : « Within the Law » by Marvin Dana
  • The shop was built of rough boards, and the inside was blackened with soot.
  • Extract from : « In the Midst of Alarms » by Robert Barr
  • But how's Alan goin' to turn the trick in a big field of rough ridin' b'ys?
  • Extract from : « Thoroughbreds » by W. A. Fraser
  • His voice seemed to him rough and brutal, but he did not mean it so.
  • Extract from : « Chip, of the Flying U » by B. M. Bower
  • He had been sea-sick, but she had seemed unaware of the fact that she was afloat on a rough sea.
  • Extract from : « The Foolish Lovers » by St. John G. Ervine

Synonyms for rough

Based on : Thesaurus.com - Gutenberg.org - Dictionary.com - Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019